We owe Switzerland’s existence in part to Caesar. In 58 BC, he prevented the Helvetians from immigrating to France, and they founded the flourishing Helvetia. The real history of Switzerland began in the 13th Century, with the first alliances forming in villages around Lake Lucerne.
Napoleon invaded Switzerland in 1798, ending the Old Confederation. The new era began in 1848 with the pioneering of what was a revolutionary constitution at the time: a democratic federal state with 26 sovereign cantons, democratically elected authorities, a two chamber system, very direct political involvement for citizens, and equality for the four national languages and diverse cultures.