Basic Swiss Facts

Capital:
– Berne
Population:
– 7,4 million
Population density:
– 172 / km^2
Government:
– Parliamentary Federal State (since 1848)
– Direct democracy
Cantons:
– 20 full cantons
– 6 half cantons

Languages:
– Swiss-German (64%),
– French (19%),
– Italian (8%),
– Romansch (1%),
– others (8%)
Area:
– 41,293 km^2 / 15,936 mi^2
Distances:
– North – South:
220 km / 137 mi
– East – West:
348 km / 216 mi
Frontier:
– Length: 1,881 km / 1,168 mi
– West: France,
– North: Germany,
– East: Austria, Principality of Liechtenstein,
– South: Italy
Largest cities:
– Zurich: 336,800
– Geneva: 173,500
– Basel: 168,700
– Berne: 122,700
– Lucerne: 57,000

– The Swiss Alps
– The hilly Swiss Mittelland (from Lake Constance to Lake Geneva),
– The Swiss Jura (long line of rugged fold mountains)
Highest Peaks:
– Dufourspitze (Valais): 4,634 m / 15,203 ft
– Dom (Valais): 4,545 m / 14,911 ft
– Weisshorn (Valais): 4,506 m / 14,793 ft
– Matterhorn (Valais): 4,478 m / 14,691 ft
Largest Glacier (Surface):
– Aletsch (Valais): 117 km^2 / 73 mi^2, length: 24 km /15 mi
– Glaciers in total: 140
Largest Lakes:
– Lake Geneva: 582 km^2 / 223 mi^2
– Lake Constance: 539 km^2 / 208 mi^2
– Lake Neuchatel: 218 km^2 / 83 mi^2
– Lake Maggiore: 212 km^2 / 82 mi^2
– Lake Lucerne: 114 km^2 / 44 mi^2
– Lake Zurich: 88 km^2 / 35 mi^2
– Lakes in total: 1,484
Highest Village:
– Juf (Graubunden): 2,126 m / 7,000 ft
Lowest Village:
– Ascona (Ticino): 196 m / 690 ft